Alena Gajdůšková has served as the First Vice-President of the Senate of the Czech Republic, and a vice-president of the Czech Social Democratic Party. She is currently an adviser to the Prime Minister. Her work is focused on the issues of science and research, healthcare and human rights. She is a proponent of cooperative security and highlights the key role of the European Union in keeping peace and stability in the region. She was a supporter of the campaign against the deployment of the US National Missile Defence system components in the Czech Republic. She is Vice-President of the Czech Association of Patients, and a member of the Czech Red Cross.